7 Popular Window Types For Your Home’s Needs


There are many different models of windows on the market. If your home will soon need window replacement, it’s important to know which one will work best for you. We have synthesized below various window types, each with their pros and cons, to help you make the best choice for your needs. It’s not just the aesthetic appeal of a window that matters – many models can also offer energy efficiency that can help bring down the cost of heating.

Here are the different window types on the market:

  • Casement window

  • Single hung window

  • Double hung window

  • Tilt-and-turn window

  • Sliding window

  • Awning window

  • Fixed window

Casement window

casement window iconAdvantages:

Casement windows are the most popular model on the market. They open from right to left or from left to right, outwards, on a vertical axis. They are a good choice in terms of energy consumption and offer increased airflow, because the air is naturally deflected inwards. They are also low maintenance. 


When fully open, this window type can break if subjected to strong winds. The opening mechanisms can also wear and break with frequent use. These windows cannot be considered as an exit, unless they are large and the screen is on the inside of the frame.


Single hung window

single hung windowAdvantages:

The single hung window opens only in one place, while the double hung model opens at the bottom as at the top. This type of window takes up little space when opened. It is easy to maintain because its rails are vertical, so dust collects less there. Furthermore, it is a good aesthetic choice for ancestral homes.


They may be more difficult to open. Over time, the mechanisms can wear out. In addition, they can be dangerous for young children if they are installed low or near furniture on which a child could climb, because their opening is very large.


Double hung window

double hung windowAdvantages:

Double hung windows offer more flexibility than single hung models. They have two movable panes, rather than just the bottom one. They are low maintenance, because the shutters tilt inwards. Like single hung windows, they are often chosen to preserve the character of heritage homes.


The disadvantages are the same as single hung models: risk for children or intruders, wear of the mechanisms and difficulty in opening when more worn with time.


Tilt-and-turn window

tilt-and-turn-window tilt-and-turn window vertical opening iconAdvantages:

The tilt and turn window is a two-in-one option. This model allows a horizontal opening towards the inside, or a vertical opening, also towards the inside. It allows to ventilate the house even in less favorable weather conditions, thanks to its horizontal axis. Tilt and turn windows can also serve as a door, and offer a superior airtight seal. 


Windows of this type require more space, as their opening is inward. They are a more expensive model. They also require very robust mechanisms.


Sliding window

sliding windowAdvantages:

A sliding window slides from left to right on itself, so it takes up little space. It is an affordable option compared to other models, and is low maintenance. 


They are in the least watertight. This window type can be difficult to close or open if they are large.


Awning window

awning windowAdvantages:

Awning windows open on a horizontal axis. It is along the bottom of the window, and opens outwards. It is the most watertight of windows, along the casement model. It can be left open when it rains.


Possibility of obstructing space on the balcony or any outdoor space directly in front of it. The screen is on the inside of the frame. 


Fixed window

Afixed windowdvantages:

The fixed window is often used in commercial buildings and high-rise apartment towers. As the name suggests, it is impossible to open. They are therefore the most watertight and the safest, because they do not open. This type of window is less expensive than most other models because of its simple design.


Difficult to wash the outside as there is no direct access. Impossible to have direct outside airflow.


Types of materials and their cost

There are many choices when it comes to window materials. For example, hybrid windows combine PVC and aluminum, for greater efficiency. Often the interior frame is PVC and the exterior is aluminum. They are used in regions with varying weather conditions, or ones subject to strong winds. Additionally, aluminum has a large choice of colors. PVC windows are a very popular choice because they offer great value for the cost. 

You can also opt for an entirely aluminum window, which is very resistant, but will come at a higher price tag.

Wood windows can be a viable option as well, but they are less popular because they require more maintenance.

For the details of a complete window installation, read our articles: Costs of Hybrid Windows, Cost of PVC Windows. For the price of replacing entrance doors, patio doors or garage doors, see our article: What is the cost of a front door, a garage door and a patio door?

Choosing a specialized contractor for door and window installation

We cannot overstate the importance of proper window installation! If a window is not properly installed, water can accumulate inside your walls for years, all without any signs. Water infiltration can cause serious problems to the building envelope of your home. It is therefore crucial to hire a specialized door and window contractor. If you are looking to undertake a major facade revitalization, it’s important to hire general contractor who can manage the project from A to Z. They will coordinate the installation of new exterior cladding or masonry, the installation of windows and doors, the change of fascia and soffits, the redesign of the balcony, etc.

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